2017. május 11., csütörtök

Personal aspect - protect privacy in research

There are ethical issues involved in the research process and therefore I find it important to write about them. The research questions are about peoples lives and working with them always requires courteous behavior. According to Mark Israel the author of the book Research Ethics for Social Scientists:
​”Ethical behavior helps protect individuals” (Mark Israel, 2006, p. 2)

Researchers have to consider the wishes of the participants, for example: if they want to be anonymous, the researcher has to accept this. It is hard to separate the 'personal aspect' from other parts of life therefore the researcher needs to be very prudent. 

Qualitative research is concerned with privacy, therefore the researcher has to inform the participants about the research process and s/he has to also keep the research material, videos and data safe. The consent form has to include the topic and all of the information regarding the research; the form also needs to be signed by the participants.

As a dance teacher, I can keep the personal boarders required, in the dance classes but if I want to conduct research with my students. I have to gain an insight into the participants circumstances. There are different types of students and each of them has ther own individual story. Asking them about their personal lives implies ethical issues. 

Where is the ethical issue from?

Nuremberg code 
”Before the second world war most biomedical research was conducted on the small scale…and when patients trusted their physicians not to harm them, to do something positive for them.” (Mark Israel, 2006, p. 27)

After the second world war the Nuremberg code gained more attention and set out 10 key principles for human experimentation. (Mark Israel, 2006)

The 1964 Helsinki declaration emphasised autonomy, like the Nuremberg code before it. (Mark Israel, 2006) It also included issues of privacy and informed consent etc. 

”The commission key ideas were summarized in a landmark 1979 document known as the Belmont report.” Which is”ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research.” (Mark Israel, 2006, p. 34)

As a researcher I have to consider the ethical issues, it is more than merely asking people questions, it is official, therefore I have to follow the rules and behave diplomaticly and accordingly. 

Mark Israel, I. H. (2006). Research Ethics for Social Scientists. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

2017. április 21., péntek

Making a plan - Asking "why"

Making a plan is an ordinary task for everyone because there are many fields which require planning. For example, even if we are going to go on holiday; we are planning what we should do, book flights, accommodation and sort out things around us. This is about organisation "how" which is a tool that we need for achieving the goal we have set for ourselves. We do not need to ask ourselves why we want to go because we may dreamt about it, need it, want it and feel it. In other words, we had probably already chosen the location from previous research and/or experience which is in accordance to our personal wishes. 

I have realised that the question of "why" comes naturally in our everyday lives, however, it is not something that is innate, which we were born with. This is according to livescience*, children aged between 2 and 5 years start asking never-ending "why's". They want to explore everything around them and everything is interesting. For adults, it is sometimes difficult to ask, there are many reasons behind the "whys". Therefore, we should ask ourselves; why do I forget to ask myself "why"? 

As a dance teacher and choreographer I have always made plans without realising this, and that this has been a routine and everyday experience for me, in my work. 

For example, practicing the following questions:

·         let's make a list for what I need to do;. 

·         why I want to do it?;

·         what is the reason and what are the benefits?; 

·         where will I perform?;

·         what is the aim of the event?;

·         what is their preference?; and

·         what kind of dance is required? 

Before the "how", there is something else which I need to know and that is "why" I do it? 

What is the aim and then I need to look for the tools of "how"? 

And so on...

Before choosing movements, I have to have a vision about what we want to express. The choreography will be pointless without this preparation. After this, I can think about the framework, how many rehearsals will be required, who will get involved, when and where the rehearsals will take place, thusly this is the organising of "how"?

This is what I have learnt regarding the process of research. I need to be reflective and control myself continuously asking "why" just as a 5 year old child, in order to explore the unknown. 

2017. március 3., péntek

Keep questioning

I had a very interesting conversation with my adviser, Adesola. She helped me to recognise the method of research. 
I was lost in books and information and did not see the path or even the research topic. 

I understood that the analysis is not about desperately looking for answers to all of the questions but it is about collecting information, making comparisons and to continue asking questions.

It is similar to when we are watching a different dance character and we don't need to choose the best one. There is no necessary outcomes just an interesting experience. We can speak about experiences and share opinions as well as compare the differences in opinions. 

I am going to keep my focus on the questions in order to explore the field that I want to research. 

I don't know the final outcome but I think I will have more questions. 
I hope I am in the right direction. 
What do you think? Do you think the same? Why do you think the same? If not, why do you think differently?

2017. február 15., szerda

Different approaches

It was a very interesting Skype conversation, last Sunday. I really like to hear about how someone has become a professional dancer, teacher and choreographer. I was also thinking about how the private life, environment and political situation can influence the professional career and makes every journey unique.  
It is similar to creating choreography with a certain music, everyone will create differently because of their different circumstances, abilities, influences etc. 

I am just wondering about the private aspect.

The personal aspects of life such as getting married and having children is closer to the natural way of life and humanity as opposed to our focus on career and being perfect. Everyone is looking for love and wants to be loved which is the reason for living, for human beings. 

How can the Human aspect reflect in the dance performance? 

One of the greatest Hungarian photographer’s Éva Keleti said that:

“The dance has three aspects: music, choreography and the dancer.”

She always looked for the movement with her camera, when the human effect is shining through the choreography and the music fills them with emotion and expertise. 

The dancer cannot hide the personal situations of life because we are firstly human. The emotions can appear in the dance performance consciously or unconsciously. This can give the deepest content to the dance performance. 
The dancer’s personality is included in every step and movements, their power and emotion combines with the music and choreography. This is the atmosphere that the audience can feel during the performance, but each performance is different because everything is changing and we are not the same as we were 5-10 years ago. I think this is the most interesting thing about how the personality can expand and is developing within the dance career. 

2016. december 7., szerda

Culture, religion and politics particularly in terms of dance practice

Dance was born in the earliest human civilisation, it was a ritual celebration ceremony and some cultures also used dance for a healing cremony and telling a story.  
There is some evidence regarding the connection between the authentic roots of dance and culture, religion and politics. 

Chinese dance has a long recorded history, which tells the story of the Tang Dynasty. 
Indian dance has its roots in Sanskrit text and the religious performance arts of Hinduism.
The North American Indians danced for the sun, rain and for a good harvest. 
Australian folk dancers imitate the actions of a particular animal in the process of telling a story. 
Arabic culture has a traditional dance form which is belly dance. It was a sacred dance in the earliest civilisation. The women in the tribe helped the bearing woman during childbirth with hips movements. 

In early European culture, dance was also used for the telling of myths before the production of written language and the Greek philosopher Aristotle ranked dance with poetry. 

During the mid-20th century every civilisation preserved its folk tradition by folk dance. Folk tradition which was popular in the country side and in villages included the folk dance form, which presented the folk tradition. 

Studies in anthropology have shown that the transformation of dance is dependent upon the culture, religion, society and political situation. 

‘The idea of dance as a formalised performance tradition is usually associated with industrial economies, urban societies, and a culture's economically secure or educated classes.’ 
(Source: New Dictionary of the History of Ideas COPYRIGHT 2005 The Gale Group, Inc.)

The political situation influenced ballet in the 18th century. The glamorous luxury of the French Royal court provided a good foundation for the formation of ballet. 

There is further evidence regarding modern dance. 
The creation of a new form of dance art such us modern dance formed in Europe after World War I. It is based on ballet but the artist began to appreciate the individuals thoughts, the religion, the emotions and they left the strict rules of ballet behind. It gives freedom and a new form of expression. Modern dance is still very popular and was the foundation of contemporary dance. 

In my opinion, dance is everywhere and is for everyone in every civilisation. Every situation provides an opportunity for the creativity, which is the foundation of art. When I take a look at what I have written, I realise that the traditional dance form transformed over the centuries to the perfect physical implementation and that today’s dancers have returned to the authentic meaning and to the communicative dance forms. 
It can be concluded that dance is not just for entertaining, it is a reflection of every civilisation and has authentic roots, a history and a future. 

2016. november 9., szerda

Guidance from the books

I have a feeling that what I am thinking and writing about is not just in my head because I am not the first one who was thinking about this subject. Someone definitely came across this matter before me. I believe in the collective consciousness, where all of our memories and knowledge of the world is collected, and this is the reason why I cannot stop researching and asking questions; who has already written about this? What did he/she realise and how did he/she discover it?  
I am looking for evidence, inspiration, feedback and knowledge from authors and their books. 

Evidence because someone definitely knows things better than I do, has more experience about certain things and may have conducted research.

Inspiration because when I start to write about something I need a pathway for describing evidence. This pathway can guide me on how I can write, what the starting point is, the content and the consequences.

Feedback because I already have experiences and I am curious about how someone else came to realise the same thing and what they concluded.

Knowledge because I have experiences but this alone is not enough. I have to complete my experiences with knowledge and learning about evidence. 

Life is about learning and developing. Learning from past experiences and developing for the future. Learning is like an endless chain, and everybody can add something new or exciting to the future. This knowledge is enriching and this development will be helpful for the future generations. 
As a dance teacher, I have to research these things because there are no books in the dance studio. Teaching dancing is not an objective knowledge, which means that there are many different dance forms and styles, as well as methods of teaching, teachers and students. In addition, it is a physical and artistic form which means teaching dance also requires support from predecessors, advisers, masters, and other teachers. Books can be helpful and provide additional knowledge for the teacher and student alike, for the lifelong journey of learning.